How do I make multimedia accessible?
Multimedia presentations can be inaccessible to people who are unable to hear their audio content and to people who are unable to see critical information that is presented visually. For a strictly audio presentation, providing a transcript is an adequate accommodation for people with hearing impairments. However, for an audiovisual presentation, a transcript does not provide an equivalent experience, because the presentation's message is dependent on the simultaneous interaction between its audio and video portions. Even in simple lectures, much of the message is presented through the lecturer's nonverbal communication. For this reason, a text alternative must be synchronized with the multimedia presentation. Similarly, any information that is presented exclusively visually must be verbally described (called "audio description"), and this audio description must also be synchronized with the presentation.
The National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) has developed a tool called Media Access Generator (MAGpie) that allows multimedia specialists, publishing companies, and service providers to add captions, subtitles, and audio descriptions to their work. You can visit their site for more information about the features of MAGpie and to download a free copy of it.
Additional information about multimedia accessibility is provided in the following articles:
- What is rich media and is it accessible?
- How can I display accessible rich media in RealPlayer, QuickTime, and Windows Media Player?
- How do I turn on captions or descriptive audio in my media player?
- Is it better to caption or transcribe educational multimedia?
- What is the difference between open and closed captioning?
- What is the difference between SMIL and SAMI?
- What is audio description?
- What standards exist for developing and purchasing accessible video and multimedia products?
- How can organizations plan an accessible video production?